An incident, or escalation from a small unusual occurrence to a major incident, because one or more parts of the safety management system are found not to be working properly.
Site-specific indicators, aimed at tracking the state of the safety management system over time, help to keep the system of measures to control safety risks in order.
These are often combinations of leading and lagging indicators. Leading indicators are often designed to provide information about the state of work processes. Lagging indicators are usually outcomes.
Implementation of indicators includes: